New VAT Penalties and Interest Charges from 1 January 2023

14/05/2022 - 5 minutes read

New VAT penalties and interest charges will apply to everyone who submits a VAT return from 1 January 2023.

For VAT periods starting on or after 1 January 2023, the default surcharge will be replaced by new penalties if you submit VAT returns late or pay VAT late.

The change to the VAT penalty points system was delayed by nine months due to the pandemic, as they were originally expected to come into effect in April 2022. Further details are available here.

There will also be changes to how VAT Interest is calculated.

New VAT Penalties and Interest Charges from 1 January 2023

New VAT Penalties and Interest Charges from 1 January 2023

New VAT penalties and interest charges – Who is affected

The changes will affect everyone submitting VAT Returns for accounting periods starting on or after 1 January 2023.

Any nil or repayment VAT returns received late will also be subject to late submission penalty points and financial penalties.

What happens if you submit your VAT return late

Late submission penalties will work on a points-based system.

For each VAT Return you submit late you will receive one late submission penalty point.

Once a penalty threshold is reached, you will receive a £200 penalty and a further £200 penalty for each subsequent late submission.

The late submission penalty points threshold will vary according to your submission frequency.

SUBMISSION FREQUENCYPENALTY POINTS THRESHOLDPERIOD OF COMPLIANCE
Annually224 months
Quarterly412 months
Monthly56 months

You will be able to reset your points back to zero if you:

  • – submit your returns on or before the due date for your period of compliance — this will be based on your submission frequency
  • – make sure all outstanding returns due for the previous 24 months have been received by HMRC

New VAT penalties and interest charges – If you do not pay your VAT on time

For late payment penalties, the sooner you pay the lower the penalty rate will be.

Up to 15 days overdue

You will not be charged a penalty if you pay the VAT you owe in full or agree on a payment plan on or between days 1 and 15.

Between 16 and 30 days overdue

You will receive a first penalty calculated at 2% on the VAT you owe on day 15 if you pay in full or agree on a payment plan on or between days 16 and 30.

31 days or more overdue

You will receive a first penalty calculated at 2% on the VAT you owe on day 15 plus 2% on the VAT you owe on day 30.

You will receive a second penalty calculated at a daily rate of 4% per year for the duration of the outstanding balance. This is calculated when the outstanding balance is paid in full or a payment plan is agreed upon.

Period of familiarisation

To give you time to get used to the changes, we will not be charging a first late payment penalty for the first year from 1 January 2023 until 31 December 2023, if you pay in full within 30 days of your payment due date.

How late payment interest will be charged

From 1 January 2023, HMRC will charge late payment interest from the day your payment is overdue to the day your payment is made in full.

Late payment interest is calculated as the Bank of England base rate plus 2.5%.

Further details are available here.

Introduction of repayment interest

The repayment supplement will be withdrawn from 1 January 2023.

For accounting periods starting on or after 1 January 2023, HMRC will pay you repayment interest on any VAT that you are owed.

This will be calculated from the day after the due date or the date of submission (whichever is later) and until the day HMRC pays you the repayment VAT amount due to you in full.

Repayment interest will be calculated as the Bank of England base rate minus 1%. The minimum rate of repayment interest will always be 0.5% even if the repayment interest calculation results in a lower percentage.

How can MCL Accountants help?

Contact MCL Accountants on 01702 593 029 if you have any queries on New VAT penalties and interest charges from Jan 2023 or if you need any assistance with the preparation and submission of your business accounts or self-assessment tax returns to HMRC.